MIGHTY IRON FOR THE IRON MOMMY!
With a new life growing inside of you, you need little helpers so your little one gets all it needs to grow strong and healthy. One of them is iron, essential throughout all stages of pregnancy.
Complete nutrition during preconception is vital in preparing for the healthiest pregnancy possible. Consume iron daily as it helps:
- Build iron reserves and prepare mother’s body prior of pregnancy.
- Increase the chances of pregnancy for the mom. Long-term study on 18,000 women showed supplementing with iron has low risk of ovulatory infertility.1
For women between 19-50 years old, the daily recommendation for iron is 29mg .11
Mom’s health is vital for the well-being of the baby. Thus, consuming sufficient iron during pregnancy is important to:
- Support red blood cell production2 to increase mom’s blood volume.
- Supply iron and oxygen for the growing fetus.2
- Accommodate an expanding red cell volume, growing fetus and placenta.3
- Support baby’s healthy birth weight.10
Pregnant moms need at least 100mg of iron daily.11
Insufficient iron intake will cause:
- Anaemia, low concentration of HB in blood.6
- Increased risks of infections in moms.7
- Premature and low birth weight baby.
The iron reserves for moms may deplete after delivery. Include iron in your diet as it helps:
- Support mom’s energy during recovery period.5
- Enhance mom’s recovery and health.5
- Support in breastmilk production to aid in baby’s growth.5
Breastfeeding moms need at least 15mg of iron daily.11
Low iron intake will impact mom’s and baby’s health as:
- Infants and young children with iron deficiency or anaemia are at risk of developmental difficulties including cognitive, social emotional and adaptive functions.8
- Affect both language and motor development.9
1. Chavarro JE, Rich-Edwards JW, Rosner BA, Willett WC. Iron intake and risk of ovulatory infertility. Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Nov;108(5):1145-52. doi: 10.1097/01.AOG.0000238333.37423.ab. PMID: 17077236.
2. Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Nutritional Status During Pregnancy and Lactation. Nutrition During Pregnancy: Part I Weight Gain: Part II Nutrient Supplements. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 1990. 14, Iron Nutrition During Pregnancy.
3. Achebe MM, Gafter-Gvili A. How I treat anemia in pregnancy: iron, cobalamin, and folate. Blood. 2017 Feb;129(8):940–9.
4. Tan, J., He, G., Qi, Y. et al. Prevalence of anemia and iron deficiency anemia in Chinese pregnant women (IRON WOMEN): a national cross-sectional survey. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 20, 670 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-020-03359-z
5. Guideline: Iron Supplementation in Postpartum Women. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2016. BACKGROUND. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK379991/
6. Loy, S.L., Lim, L.M., Chan, SY. et al. Iron status and risk factors of iron deficiency among pregnant women in Singapore: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health 19, 397 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6736-y
7. Review on iron and its importance for human health. Abbaspour N, Hurrell R, Kelishadi R J Res Med Sci. 2014 Feb; 19(2):164-74
8. Brain iron and behavior of rats are not normalized by treatment of iron deficiency anemia during early development. Felt BT, Lozoff B, J Nutr. 1996 Mar; 126(3):693-701.
9. Higher prevalence of iron deficiency as strong predictor of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children. Bener A, Kamal M, Bener H, Bhugra D, Ann Med Health Sci Res. 2014 Sep; 4(Suppl 3):S291-7.
10. Influence of iron status on risk of maternal or neonatal infection and on neonatal mortality with an emphasis on developing countries. Brabin L, Brabin BJ, Gies S Nutr Rev. 2013 Aug; 71(8):528-40.
11. Recommended Nutrient Intake for Malaysia (RNI) 2017.